Give No Quarter, Ask No Quarter, and Win 25 Million Quarters
By Andrew N.S. Glazer, "The Poker Pundit"

As I start this report, it's 2:00 am on Saturday, May 24, 2003, and the longest World Series of Poker Championship Event in history ended just half an hour ago.

Publishing deadlines demand 3,000 words by 8 am sharp. The effort I just watched is worthy of 30,000 words written over six months. Publishing demands come first, and I'll later compromise with a 6,000+ word version for and my tournament poker book. It just killed me to cut so much analysis and interpersonal byplay.

My own two-day experience in this event taught me that while the eventual winner would probably need both skill and luck, he (pardon the male pronouns: a constant stream of s/he's is just too awkward) would even more, because of this event's five day nature, mean that the champion would be the player who could best conquer the most dangerous foe any of us ever have to face: himself.

Take five days of poor sleep, constant pressure, intimidating opponents, difficult decisions, and then multiply that difficulty by the huge money and television pressure of the final day, and you start to see what the WSOP final is really about. It will always remain a card game, which means that both luck and skill are involved, and it will always remain a people game, which usually is interpreted as meaning a winner must be able to analyze other people.


A true WSOP champion must emerge from a different kind of people game, though, one in which he is tested by fire and ice, by good fortune and bad (don't make the mistake of thinking good fortune can't create risks), by fear and greed, by fatigue and exhilaration, by self-confidence and self-doubt.

If he can do that, then he has a chance to defeat the tests placed in front of him by the cards and the opposition. Today's champion managed all of that in a way that no one who watched will ever forget.

When play began, the chip counts and seating positions were:

Seat Player Chip Total
1 Amir Vahedi $1,407,000
2 Tomer Benevenisti $922,000
3 Ihsan "Houston Sammy" Farha $999,000
4 Yong Pak $360,000
5 Jason Lester $695,000
6 Dan Harrington $574,000
7 David Grey $338,000
8 Chris Moneymaker $2,344,000
9 David E. Singer $750,000

It was an eclectic group. Vahedi was the only full-time tournament pro. Benevenisti got in for only $125 via a two-tier satellite, and at that price he was hugely over-invested compared to chip leader Moneymaker.

Honest to goodness, that's his real name: before we ever started, I checked his driver's license: Christopher Brian Moneymaker, Spring Hill, Tennessee, who got in for $40 via a supersatellite from Moneymaker was playing in his first ever live tournament, although he did play a couple of supersatellites once he got here to try to get the feel of playing a tournament with cards instead of keystrokes.

Farha, Grey, and Singer are all more renowned for their high stakes money play skills than for tournaments, although each has some successful tournament experience. Pak is a quiet man who has finished in the money in a few WSOP events, but has never made a noise like this.


Chance placed the field's two former backgammon pros, 1995 WSOP Champion Harrington and Jason Lester, next to each other. Lester's backgammon accomplishments outshine his poker accomplishments, although his money play results in poker are good.

Harrington still plays big tournaments, but doesn't play much aside from that: he's a very successful businessman.

After one hand we switched to $3,000 antes with $10,000-$20,000 blinds. Nine-handed, that meant sitting out a round would cost $57,000.

David Singer raised hand #24 to 60k from the small blind (SB), and Amir Vahedi called it from the big blind (BB). The flop came 2d-6d-Qc. Singer led out for 60k, with Vahedi again calling. Singer checked when the Ah hit the river, Vahedi bet 90k, and Singer moved what was roughly 450k more all-in.


Vahedi called instantly, turning over A-6, two pair. Singer showed A-10, a pair of aces with a weak kicker, and when a seven fell on the river, Singer was out ninth. Singer's move-in with a lone pair while nine-handed probably wasn't optimal.

After four long, pressure-filled days and four almost certainly restless nights, how anyone manages to play optimally all the time on Day Five is amazing. It's easy enough to criticize Singer's play, but I'd bet big money he'd never have made it on Day One or Day Two. Playing on Day Five is hard, and almost any single mistake is easily understandable.

Hand #32 shook Vahedi, and I'm not sure he ever recovered. Lester opened for 65k, and Vahedi called. Vahedi check-called another 65k on the 2d-8h-9s flop, and each player checked when the 4c hit the turn. When the Kc hit the river, Vahedi led out for 150k, and after thinking long and hard, Lester called and showed A-Q, no pair.

Vahedi couldn't beat it, and while after the play he still had more than the 1.4 million he'd started with, it was pretty easy to mark Lester's brilliant call as the point when Vahedi's troubles began.


Grey, who'd started the day as the short stack and who hadn't been able to climb, opened the next hand for 65k, with both Moneymaker (the button) and Vahedi coming along for the ride. The flop came Jc-5s-3s, Vahedi checked, and Grey moved his last 89k all-in. Both opponents called and then checked as the board finished 4-A.

Grey had owned A-8, but Moneymaker had called with 5-4, flopped one pair and turned a second. Grey was out eighth.

Harrington, who has long been known as "Action Dan" as a tongue-in-check reference to his very tight play, entered only his third pot of the day on #37. Farha opened for 60k, Lester called from the small blind, and Harrington raised it to 260k. Lester called, and when the flop came Jh-9c-2d, he bet 400k.

Harrington called all-in and turned over K-K, while Lester had only 7-7. Against the rock-like Harrington, it seemed a mistake, and Harrington doubled through.


On hand #47, Lester faced Vahedi again, opening for 65k with Vahedi calling from the small blind. The flop came Ac-Kh-Js, and Vahedi check-called Lester's 80k bet. The 6s hit the turn. Vahedi checked, Lester bet 140k, Vahedi moved all-in, and Lester, after hesitation worthy of the scary board, called, showing top two pair with A-K.

Vahedi showed K-J; his bottom two pair (on the flop) were in big trouble, and a four on the river let Lester double through.

On a later break, I asked Vahedi how he'd slept the night before, and he said not at all. He made what I thought was an interesting suggestion.

"Instead of making this a marathon, they should consider taking a day off before the final table," Vahedi said. "They give extra time off before the Super Bowl, it might be good for everyone here too, so that the players can recover before playing for so much money." A one-day tournament for non-finalists might do very well. We'll see.

When the level ended, we got a chip count, and the standings were

Vahedi $928,000
Benvenisti $848,000
Farha $859,000
Pak $191,000
Lester $1,373,000
Harrington $1,081,000
Moneymaker $3,110,000

Antes increased to 4k, and the blinds to $12,000-24,000.

Vahedi found more trouble on hand #61, when four players saw the flop for 60k each. Farha bet out 80k when he saw the 9s-4h-6s, and both Moneymaker and Vahedi called. The 6h hit the turn, and Vahedi led out for 300k, with Farha calling. The 3c hit the turn, and Vahedi checked.


Behind me, Lee Salem said, "He (Vahedi) can't win, he checked to the wrong guy." Nicely prophetic, Lee. Farha bet 300k and Vahedi folded.

Pak was the table's other tight player, and though he managed to stay alive via a few all-in moves, his chips just kept anteing off, and on hand #93, he moved all-in from the button for 160k. Lester called with A-K. Pak had A-10, and exited seventh.

Six hands later we hit the dinner break with the chips:

Vahedi $555,000
Benvenisti $495,000
Farha $2,185,000
Lester $915,000
Harrington $980,000
Moneymaker $3,260,000

When we returned, antes moved to 5k, with the blinds now at $15,000-30,000. Seven hands after the 75 minute break (often a time when players decide to switch gears), the two leaders faced off.


Lester held the button, and Farha opened for 100k, with Moneymaker calling from the BB. Each checked the As-Kd-7c flop, but when the 5d hit the turn, Moneymaker led out for 100k, and called when Farha raised him 200k. The Ad hit the river, and Moneymaker led out for 400k. Farha called, and Moneymaker said he'd "missed."

Farha showed A-Q and took the pot. For the first time all day, the tournament rookie had abandoned the relatively cautious strategy that had allowed him to hold and expand his lead.

"Houston Sammy" Farha had been outplaying the field all along, and now he had the chip lead. Veterans expected Moneymaker to start falling apart.

Instead, it was tournament veteran Vahedi who fell. On hand #125, Farha opened for 80k, and Vahedi called from the SB. The flop came 9c-Qh-Ad, and Vahedi immediately moved all-in for his last $535,000. Farha thought only briefly and called, showing A-5. Vahedi dejectedly said "you got it" and showed his bluff with 4h-6h.

When the 9s hit the turn, any hopes for a backdoor flush miracle had evaporated. A rested Vahedi would have given a better showing. His idea about a day off before the final table deserves consideration.

I estimated the chips at

Benvenisti $635,000
Farha $3,760,000
Lester $855,000
Harrington $1,000,000
Moneymaker $2,140,000

Six hands later, Harrington opened for 90k, Moneymaker flat called from the button, and Benvenisti moved all-in for an additional 490k.

Harrington let it go, but Moneymaker called, and 300 jaws dropped simultaneously when he turned over A-2 offsuit, a hand that can never be a big favorite, can easily be a huge underdog, and is in trouble against a lot of mediocre hands.


"I said at dinner I was going to come out and play poker," Moneymaker told me during the "interview" break (ESPN halted play after each elimination to interview the busted out player). "I was sick of getting run over, I just thought he had nothing."

While J-10 isn't nothing, it is a 6-5 underdog to A-2. An ace on the flop ended his day, and Moneymaker's brilliant read, surprising call (perhaps not so surprising: a relatively inexperienced player should look for coin flip situations), and win had allowed him to draw close to Farha.

Hand #144 proved gross for Jason Lester. Moneymaker opened for 100k from the button, and liking both his hand and Moneymaker's apparently now looser standards, Lester raised it to 450k; Moneymaker called with what we later learned was J-Q. Lester's bet left him with only 150k, which made him about as pot committed as you can be when everyone around you has millions.

The flop came 10-9-8, a bit above average for someone holding J-Q, but Lester didn't yet possess this tidbit, and holding A-Q moved his last chips in. Oops. Lester had started the hand as nearly a 3-1 favorite, but a nightmarish flop ended Lester's day in fourth place.

The chips now stood

Farha $3,705,000
Harrington $990,000
Moneymaker $3,695,000

Our final threesome came from three different corners of the universe. Farha is a rapid action frequent high stakes money player. Harrington is a wealthy former world champ and a slow action infrequent tournament player and a businessman. Moneymaker works two jobs to support his wife and baby.

Harrington surrendered about 100k to each foe before the level ended and the new one began with the antes still at 5k but the blinds at $20,000-40,000.


Three hands into that next level, something did change. On #176, Harrington limped in from the SB, Moneymaker raised 100k, and Harrington moved all-in. Moneymaker called almost immediately with A-Q, while Harrington had been caught with K-10.

A ten came right off on the flop, though, and Harrington had doubled through Moneymaker.

Instead of letting this defeat bother him, Moneymaker seemed to grow more determined, and clearly became the game's most aggressive player. "He's turned into Godzilla," I thought.

On hand #185, Godzilla ripped 500k out of Harrington's stack when the two met in a blind vs. blind pot. The flop came Qh-Qd-Ad; Harrington checked, Moneymaker bet 100k, and Harrington called. Neither player bet when the 2c hit the turn, but when the 7d hit the river, Harrington checked, Moneymaker bet 400k, and Harrington called.

There's no shame in turning over Q-2 for a full house when you saw the flop for free in the big blind.


Harrington hung in with his short stack for a long while, and the longer Harrington hung in, the further Moneymaker's aggression allowed him to pull away from Farha. He took half a million from Farha on #188, and 20 hands later did it again. Moneymaker had opened for 125k from the button, and Farha had made it 475k from the SB.

Moneymaker called, looked at the As-3c-Jc flop, and after Farha checked, Moneymaker bet 200k at a million dollar pot. Farha folded to the underbet. Big bets here, small bets there, calling here, raising there, you just couldn't figure where Moneymaker was, except for "ahead." He seemed to have gained five years of experience in five hours. He'd gotten lucky early, but now he was just beating the snot out of everyone.

Farha's fold left him with two million, Harrington just under one, and Moneymaker the rest, more than five million.

When we reached hand #224, Harrington and Moneymaker clashed again from the blinds. The flop came 10d-6d-2d. Harrington led out for 150k, but Moneymaker raised enough to put Harrington all-in (about 500k), and Dan called. Harrington turned over 6-5 (the five was, I believe, a diamond).


Moneymaker turned over top pair with 10-9, and after the turn and river missed everyone, the 1995 World Champion was out.

It was 12:30 am. Moneymaker had $5,490,000, and Farha $2,900,000. Remember, the blinds were still quite low compared to the stacks; if Farha wanted to play small ball, and Moneymaker let him, this match could conceivably have gone on for hours.

I started renumbering at one. Heads-up, the SB goes on the button (SBB) and acts first before the flop and second after it.

For 20 hands, the action was relatively calm. Nine times the SBB simply folded to the BB, which is certainly playing small ball.

Hand #21 changed that. Moneymaker (doesn't that name just sound impossible?) made it 100k from the SBB, and Farha called. Each player checked the 9s-2d-6s flop, but when the 8s fell on the turn, Farha bet 300k and Moneymaker raised to 800k. Farha called.


When the 3h hit the river, Farha checked, and Moneymaker moved all-in. Farha took quite a while to think about it, but finally folded. Can't wait for the broadcast to see if my theories are right.

This left Moneymaker leading about 6.6 million to 1.8 million.

Farha made it 100k from his next SBB, and Moneymaker called. The flop came Js-5s-4c. Moneymaker checked, Farha bet 175k, Moneymaker raised 275k, Farha moved in, and Moneymaker called, zoom-zoom-zoom.

Farha turned over top pair with J-10, but Moneymaker turned over 5-4, the same hand with which he had toppled Grey way back on #33, and he was holding it against the same J-10 he'd trounced with A-2 when he eliminated Benvenisti. There's déjà vu, and there's ridiculous. Moneymaker had two pair and the lead: he just needed to hold it to win $2,500,000 for a $40 investment in an online tournament.

The 8d hit the river. One card remained. Moneymaker would win if it wasn't a ten, a jack, or eight.


It was another five, and we had a champion. Moneymaker rushed to his father, and the two embraced in the kind of long, loving, proud hug that make other fathers and sons jealous.

Moneymaker hadn't even wanted to play his seat when he won it; he wanted to use the money to pay off credit card debt. By playing, though, he changed the face of poker.

Poker is a hot item. ESPN paid a rights fee for the WSOP. The World Poker Tour is attracting all kinds of new fans, and those new fans are now going to see Everyman winning $2,500,000.


The win is probably even bigger for online poker. will certainly score the heaviest from this, but a rising tide floats all boats, and millions of people who didn't even know that online poker existed are now going to hear a lot about it. I have a feeling that for about six months after ESPN first airs this (June 8, I'm told), online games are going to be great everywhere.

If I had to guess, I'd say Moneymaker's win triples the value of every online poker room in existence.

Moneymaker's story is compelling, and he will be a good TV interview. Christopher Brian Moneymaker has an irresistible name and a lot of personality. You'll learn more about him soon, but for now, just know that a kid who faced every possible pressure except the burden of expectation used his heart, his will, and his luck to change his life, and quite probably the life of every other poker player on the planet.

Other than that, not much happened tonight. What did you do, catch a movie?

Final Official Results, 2003 WSOP $10,000 Buy-In No-Limit Hold'em World Championship

839 entries, prize pool $7,802,700

1. Chris Moneymaker, $2,500,000
2. Sam Farha, $1,300,000
3. Dan Harrington, $650,000
4. Jason Lester, $440,00
5. Tomer Benvenisti $320,000
6. Amir Vahedi, $250,000
7. Yong Pak, $200,000
8 David Grey $160,000
9. David Singer, $120,000
10. Phil Ivey, $82,700

11th-12th, $80,000 each: Minh Nguyen, "Dutch" Boyd.

13th-15th, $65,000 each: Freddie Deeb, Marcel Luske, Bruno Fitoussi.

16th-18th, $55,000 each: Olaf Thorson, Bill Jones, Scotty Nguyen.

19th-27th, $45,000 each: Howard Lederer, Bryan Watkins, Abraham Rosenkrantz, Chris Grigorian, Dennis Waterman, Mark Rose, Men "the Master" Nguyen, Casey Kastle, Phil Hellmuth, Jr.

28th-36th, $35,000 each: Chuc Hoang, Annjano Ramdin, David Plastik, Jeff Shulman, Jim Miller, Stuart Wheeler, Ken Lennard, Robert Geers, Harry Thomas.

37th-45th, $25,000 each: Konstantin Anastasyadis, Kenna James, Cory Zeidman, Tam Duong (Tony D), Humberto Brenes, Kevin Song, George Hardie, Ooderland Jensen, Paul Darden, Jr.

46th-54th, $20,000 each: Jules Bui, Annie Duke, Timothy Johnson, Barry Greenstein, John Inashima, Matthew Allen, Daniel Dumont, Charles Doumitt, Julian Gardner.

55th-63rd, $15,000 each: David Chiu, Julien Studley, Rory Liffey, Jonathan Kaplan, Tod Reichert, Brian Nadell, Bruce Atkinson, Charles Shoten, George Rechnitzer.



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